Why the Soviet Union Fell and Ukraine Was Born

Excerpts from “Anti-Ukrainian or The Will to Fight, Be Defeated or Be Betrayed” by Dr. Oleksandr Savchenko:

The Soviet Union was created in 1922 and was, in essence, a radical modification of the Russian Empire.  This was the same Russian Empire that was rebuilt on the bedrock of Marxism-Leninism.

The Russian Empire is quite a unique social and historical phenomenon.  I will lay out an historical background to only the principal facets of this singularity.  The history of Russian begins with the Moscovy Tsardom, which was born on the territory of the Vladimir-Suzdal and Moscovy Principalities – the colonial fringes of the great state of Kievan Rus’.  After the destruction of Kyiv by the Mongol Hordes in 1240 and the decline of Kievan Rus’, the Mongols created the post of the Great Prince of Rus’ and, ultimately in the beginning of the 14th century, this title was transferred to Moscow as the de facto center of Mongolian Rus’.

It is erroneous to reckon that the Moscovy Tsardom became an empire after the siege of Kazan in the 16th century: this was simply the return of Moscovites (Russians) to their origins.  Russian could not be, cannot be and will not be an empire without Ukraine.

The victory of Russia in the 17th century over Ukraine at that time was, unfortunately, naturally-determined.  One needs to agree here with the renowned French sociologist Gustave Le Bon, who posited “When nations have reached the pinnacle of civilization, they were forced to yield to the barbarians, who were significantly less rational, but had prominent character traits and belligerence which overly sophisticated civilizations always sought to eliminate.”  Such processes were dominant in Europe in the first and second millennia.  Nations that developed strong armies and were capable of and wished to wage war were always subordinate to more civilized but peaceful nations.  In this way, the successor to the empire of Genghis Khan, the Russian Empire, seized Ukraine in the 17th century and began to build a separate Moscow-dominated orthodox world with the following principal features:

  • strict centralization;
  • expansion, and the skill and will to wage war and conquer;
  • envy and hatred toward other countries, especially toward neighboring countries;
  • inclination toward poverty and degradation.

The foremost and fundamental contradiction of the USSR was the composition of the republics and the method of their unification.  In the USSR, all people were forcibly mixed together: Estonians and Tadzhiks, Ukrainians and Kalmyks…

The economic model – the planned economy – was so inefficient that it ceased to generate economic growth and sufficient income into the state budget for the existence of a country due to the fall in the prices of oil and gas.  At the end of the 1980s even the leaders of the Communist Party understood that the socialist economy is not only losing to the market economy, but it couldn’t even feed the proletariat, to say nothing of the multiple regimes of the satellite states.  Therefore, the Communist leaders decided to introduce elements of a market economy (cooperatives, exchanges, and even small private banks).  Even further, over a few years the market economy “created” a great stratum of primarily young people independent not only of the Communist Party, but even of the state.  Most importantly, the new economy demanded more and more advancement of democracy.  However, democracy was not compatible with the construction of the USSR and the monopoly of the Communist Party on power, violence and socialism.  Democracy provided the nationalist and patriotic forces with the possibility to assemble and commence the struggle for independence; and, over time, to withdraw as republics from the USSR.  Of course, not all of the republics were ready for autonomy.  Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Georgia moved the most aggressively toward independence.  Ukraine followed approximately one year after their withdrawal; thereafter, Moldova left.  The remaining republics simply waited for the endgame.

The motivation to fight for independence began in Ukraine in 1998.

It is important to note that in Russia the fight for the market took place as an alternative to famine and poverty, while the fight for the power took place between the younger generation of the party elite against the conservatives.  The new authorities also fought for the market and power in Ukraine; however, they fought in the first place for freedom and state independence.

The proverbial straw that broke the USSR’s back was the referendum for the independence of Ukraine, which took place on December 1, 1991 together with the election of the first President of Ukraine.  Over 90% of the participants in the election voted in favor of independence, while the turnout was 84%!  Even in the Crimea, where majority was made up of Russians, 54% voted for Ukrainian independence.  After the referendum for Ukrainian independence the new Yeltsin elite understood – the Soviet Union no longer exists!

The USSR, as an empire without Ukraine, was transformed into a regional state.  The Ukrainians achieved this result – not the USA, not Europe and not China.  Ukrainians themselves ruined the Empire of Evil and made this world a better place.  This was their answer to Russia for the destruction Kievan Rus’ and the seizure and oppression of Ukraine.  Ukrainians themselves still do not understand the significance of this victory: maybe this victory will compensate all of their defeats from the past!

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Frishberg & Partners 2012